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Climate Change

Greenland Ice Sheet Shows Losses in 2019

AWI researchers confirm record ice losses in Greenland in 2019 based on data from the GFZ/NASA satellite mission GRACE Follow-On

Icebergs from Jakobshavn Isbræ, Ilulissat Icefjord, West Greenland
[20. August 2020] 

The Greenland Ice Sheet recorded a new record loss of mass in 2019. This was the finding of a team of international researchers after evaluating data from satellite observations and modelling data.


MOSAiC expedition reaches the North Pole

During the final leg of the expedition, the research vessel Polarstern reaches the northernmost point on the Earth

Photo of the MOSAiC leg 5 team, crew and scientists, in the North Pole
[19. August 2020] 

At 12:45 pm on 19 August 2020 the German research icebreaker Polarstern reached the North Pole. The ship followed a route to the north of Greenland – and through a region that, in the past, was densely covered with ice, including multiyear ice. 


Forecasting low flow conditions for the Elbe and Rhine:

‘Drought stress test’ passed with flying colours!

Low flow at the river Rhine
[06. August 2020] 

Using global climate data, AWI researchers can now forecast low water levels in German rivers up to three months in advance – even in extreme cases such as the summer of 2018.

Climate History

How the seafloor of the Antarctic Ocean is changing – and the climate is following suit

Experts have reconstructed the depth of the Southern Ocean at key phases in the last 34 million years of the Antarctic’s climate history

34 million years ago – transition from the Eocene to the early Oligocene
[04. August 2020] 

 A team of international experts, led by geophysicists from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), has shed new light on nine pivotal intervals in the climate history of the Antarctic, spread over 34 million years, by reconstructing the depth of the Southern Ocean in each one.