- roughly 70% of all humans will live at a coast by 2070 (UNEP 2016)
- 12-15% of the population relies on fisheries/aquaculture (FAO 2016)
- tourism is the world's largest industry - a coastal industry (UNEP 2009/13)
- artificial surfaces in European coasts/catchments increase at >190 km2 per year (EEA 2013).
AWI Coastal Areas of Research
Fig. 1: The global areas Coastal Science covers in PACES (Graphic: AWI)
The Coastal Ecology Section (CES) specifically addresses questions in the Pelagic North Sea with an emphasis on intertidal regions, benthic habitat and geology/ particulate matter, Ecological systems at the Ice Edge in glacier and permafrost coastal regions.
Our science is both stakeholder and curiosity driven.
CE Section structure and delivery to PACES
Fig. 2: Section Structure showing section research emphases 1-3, networked topics (center triangle) and the collaboration with stakeholders in green. (Graphic: AWI)
Karen H. Wiltshire is Topic Speaker for Topic 2.
The current set up of the Coastal Ecology Section exists since 2015.
To maximize interactive networking three scientific topics are pivotal to the section (see Figure 2):
- The structure and function of the Wadden Sea and comparable areas
- The evolution and adaptation of organisms in changing intertidal environments
- Habitat change and long term ecosystem shifts.
We currently have identified three major collaborative areas of expertise within the section:
- “Bio-Geological habitat interactions”
- “Environment and Evolution
- “Coastal FESOM”.
The expertise from the scientific research feeds directly into the stakeholder oriented part of the section.
We investigate the structure and function of coastal systems in terms of changing environmental conditions. We provide scientific and stakeholder expertise on Wadden Sea, North Sea and polar coastal interfaces.
We collaborate closely with AWI sections: Climate Dynamics, Paleo-Climate Dynamics, Periglacial Research, Marine Geochemistry, Chemical Ecology, Functional Ecology, Shelf Sea Systems Ecology. This includes such Networking as REKLIM, FESOM, LENA DELTA research, MERCES, Nordsee Büro, MOSES, Long Term Ocean Change, Plastics Research, Benthic Atlas of the North Sea etc.
The emphasis of all these collaborations is in Topic 2 Workpackages 1 though 4. Topic 4 is the PACES link for the stakeholder interactions and in terms of Climate and Polar Research in Topic 3.
Scientific output (papers) and PACES
The table underneath shows the distribution of papers related to the different Topics and Workpackages/Topics.
All the Stakeholder interactive scientific contributions to Topic 4 are given in the sections above.
Notably the classical scientific output (96 ISI papers) is mainly in Topic 2 relating to coastal research in PACES and that this output is evenly distributed between the AWI related Workpackages 1 through 4.
This reflects the structure of the section and shows clearly that we have optimized foci and little fragmentation. This is important as the section is small and just newly set up.
|2013||Parasites Affect Food Web Structure Primarily through Increased Diversity and Complexity||PLoS Biology||Karsten Reise||2||2|
|2013||Atlantic Water advection versus sea-ice advances in the eastern Fram Strait during the last 9 ka: Multiproxy evidence for a two-phase Holocene||Palaeoceanography||Christian Hass||1||3|
|2013||Parasites as prey in aquatic food webs: implications for predator infection and parasite transmission||Oikos||Karsten Reise||2||2|
|2013||Disturbance induced decoupling between host genetics and composition of the associated microbiome||BMC Microbiology||Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2013||Relative contribution of reproductive investment, thermal stress and Vibrio infection to summer mortality phenomena in Pacific oysters||Aquaculture||Carolin Wendling, Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2013||Globalization pressure and habitat change: Pacific rocky shore crabs invade armored shorelines in the Atlantic Wadden Sea||Aquatic Invasions||Dagmar Lackschewitz, Karsten Reise||2||1|
|2013||Persisting intertidal seagrass beds in the northern Wadden Sea since the 1930s||Journal of Sea Research||Tobias Dolch, Christian Buschbaum, Karsten Reise||2||1|
|2013||Parasites in the Wadden Sea food web||Journal of Sea Research||Carolin Wendling, Mathias Wegner||2||2|
|2013||Do burrowing callianassid shrimp control the lower boundary of tropical seagrass beds?||Journal of Experimental and Marine Biology||Dominik Kneer, Harald Asmus||2||2|
|2013||Phytoplankton community structure in the Lena Delta (Siberia, Russia) in relation to hydrography||Biogeosciences||Karen Wiltshire||2||box|
|2013||Sedimentological and Rheological Properties of the Water-Solid Bed Interface in the Weser and Ems Estuaries, North Sea, Germany: Implications for Fluid Mud Classification||Journal of Coastal Research||Svenja Papenmeier||2||4|
|2013||Contribution to a bio-optical model for remote sensing of Lena River water||Biogeosciences||Karen Wiltshire||2||box|
|2013||Feeding interactions between the introduced ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi and juvenile herring Clupea harengus in the Wadden Sea||Biological Invasions||Florian Kellnreiter, Moritz Pockberger, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus||2||2|
|2013||Large variation in mitochondrial DNA of sexual and parthenogenetic Dahlica triquetrella (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) shows multiple origins of parthenogenesis||BMC Evolutionary Biology||Lisa Shama||2||3|
|2013||The mean function provides robustness to linear inverse modelling flow estimation in food webs: A comparison of functions derived from statistics and ecological theories||Ecological Modelling||Ragnhild Asmus, Harald Asmus||2||2|
|2013||Large scale architecture of a stacked Holocene spit - the stratigraphy of northern Sylt (southern North Sea)||Zeitschrift der deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften||Christian Hass||2||4|
|2013||Stable coexistence in a Lotka-Volterra model with heterogeneous resources and intraguild predation||Physical Review E||Karen Wiltshire||2||2|
|2014||Transgenerational plasticity in marine sticklebacks: maternal effects mediate impacts of a warming ocean||Functional Ecology||Lisa Shama, Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2014||Persistence, Seasonal Dynamics and Pathogenic Potential of Vibrio Communities from Pacific Oyster Hemolymph||PLoS One||Carolin Wendling, Mathias Wegner||2||2|
|2014||Nonlinear effects of temperature on body form and developmental canalization in the threespine stickleback||Journal of Evolutionary Biology||Lisa Shama, Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2014||Within- and transgenerational effects of ocean acidification on life history of marine three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus)||Marine Biology||Franziska Schade, Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2014||Impact of thermal stress on evolutionary trajectories of pathogen resistance in three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus)||BMC Evolutionary Biology||Franziska Schade, Lisa Shama, Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2014||Male mate choice relies on major histocompatibility complex class I in a sex-role-reversed pipefish||Journal of Evolutionary Biology||Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2014||Distribution and characteristics of marine habitats in a subpolar bay based on hydroacoustics and bed shear stress estimates-Potter Cove, King George Island, Antarctica||Geo-Marine Letters||Anne Wölfl, Christian Hass||2||4|
|2014||Distribution of benthic marine invertebrates at northern latitudes - An evaluation applying multi-algorithm species distribution models||Journal of Sea Research||Dario Fiorentino||2||4|
|2014||Succession in intertidal mussel bed assemblages on different shores: species mobility matters||Marine Ecology Progress Series||Christian Buschbaum||2||2|
|2014||Assessment of North Sea phytoplankton via molecular sensing: a method evaluation||Journal of Plankton Research||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2014||Composition and distribution of selected munnopsid genera (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota) in Icelandic waters||Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Studies||Dario Fiorentino||2||2|
|2014||Transitions in sandflat biota since the 1930s: effects of sea-level rise, eutrophication and biological globalization in the tidal bay Konigshafen, northern Wadden Sea||Helgoland Marine Research||Juliane Schumacher, Tobias Dolch, Karsten Reise||2||1|
|2014||Coping with persistent environmental problems: systemic delays in reducing eutrophication of the Baltic Sea||Ecology and Society||Tobias Doch||2||1|
|2014||Predicting spatial kelp abundance in shallow coastal waters using the acoustic ground discrimination system RoxAnn||Estuarine Coastal & Shelf Science||Finn Mielck, Christian Hass, Anne Wölfl||2||4|
|2014||Facilitation of intraguild prey by its intraguild predator in a three-species Lotka-Volterra model||Theoretical Population Biology||Karen Wiltshire||2||2|
|2014||Unravelling interactions between salt marsh evolution and sedimentary processes in the Wadden Sea (southeastern North Sea)||Progress in Physical Geography||Tobias Dolch, Karsten Reise||2||1|
|2014||Performance of absorption coefficient measurements for the in situ determination of chlorophyll-a and total suspended matter||Journal of Experimental and Marine Biology||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2014||High-Resolution Hydroacoustic Seafloor Classification of Sandy Environments in the German Wadden Sea||Journal of Coastal Research||Finn Mielck, Christian Hass||2||4|
|2014||Temperature effects on aggregation during a spring diatom bloom||Limnology & Oceanography||Karen Wiltshire||2||2|
|2014||A survey of ciliates at the long-term sampling station "Helgoland Roads", North Sea||Helgoland Marine Research||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2014||An abundant small sized fish as keystone species? The effect of Pomatoschistus microps on food webs and its trophic role in two intertidal benthic communities: A modeling approach||Journal of Sea Research||Florian Kellnreiter, Moritz Pockberger, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus||2||2|
|2014||Over time and space changing characteristics of estuarine suspended particles in the German Weser and Elbe estuaries||Journal of Sea Research||Svenja Papenmeier||2||1|
|2014||Kite aerial photography (KAP) as a tool for field teaching||Journal of Geography Higher Education||Lasse Sander||4|
|2014||The seaward limit of wave effects on coastal macrobenthos||Helgoland Marine Research||Werner Armonies, Monika Hellwig-Armonies, Chrisitan Buschbaum||2||1|
|2014||Microbial predators promote their competitors: commensalism within an intra-guild predation system in microzooplankton||Ecosphere||Karen Wiltshire||2||2|
|2014||Characterization of a humic acid extracted from marine sediment and its influence on the growth of marine diatoms||Journal of the Marine Biological Society of the UK||Karen Wiltshire||2||4|
|2014||Influence of Triangular Club-Rush Schoenoplectus triqueter on the Macrobenthic Community of the Hangzhou Bay, China||Wetlands||Hung Liu, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus||2||2|
|2015||Grandparental effects in marine sticklebacks: transgenerational plasticity across multiple generations||Journal of Evolutionary Biology||Lisa Shama, Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2015||Hemolymph microbiome of Pacific oysters in response to temperature, temperature stress and infection||ISME Journal||Ana Lokmer, Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2015||Adaptation to enemy shifts: rapid resistance evolution to local Vibrio spp. in invasive Pacific oysters||Proceedings Royal Society B||Carolin Wendling, Mathias Wegner||2||2|
|2015||Trophic networks: How do theories link ecosystem structure and functioning to stability properties? A review||Ecological Indicators||Ragnhild Asmus, Harald Asmus||2||2|
|2015||The emergence of Vibrio pathogens in Europe: ecology, evolution, and pathogenesis (Paris, 11-12th March 2015)||Frontiers in Microbiology||Mathias Wegner||2||2|
|2015||Castaways can't be choosers - Homogenization of rafting assemblages on floating seaweeds||Journal of Sea Research||Christian Buschbaum||2||2|
|2015||Impact of seawater carbonate chemistry on the calcification of marine bivalves||Biogeosciences||Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2015||Time is an affliction: Why ecology cannot be as predictive as physics and why it needs time series||Journal of Sea Research||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2015||Bet hedging in a warming ocean: predictability of maternal environment shapes offspring size variation in marine sticklebacks||Global Change Biology||Lisa Shama||2||3|
|2015||Analysis of phytoplankton distribution and community structure in the German Bight with respect to the different size classes||Journal of Sea Research||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2015||Changes in Holocene relative sea-level and coastal morphology: A study of a raised beach ridge system on Sams phi, southwest Scandinavia||Holocene||Lasse Sander||2||4|
|2015||STRATIGRAPHY, EVOLUTION, AND CONTROLS OF A HOLOCENE TRANSGRESSIVE-REGRESSIVE BARRIER ISLAND UNDER CHANGING SEA LEVEL: DANISH NORTH SEA COAST||Sedimentary Research||Lasse Sander||2||4|
|2015||Control of phytoplankton in a shelf sea: Determination of the main drivers based on the Helgoland Roads Time Series||Journal of Sea Research||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2015||Long-term change in the copepod community in the southern German Bight||Journal of Sea Research||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2015||Diversity and seasonality of Pseudo-nitzschia (Peragallo) at two North Sea time-series monitoring sites||Helgoland Marine Research||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2015||Sedimentary indications and absolute chronology of Holocene relative sea-level changes retrieved from coastal lagoon deposits on Samso, Denmark||Boreas||Lasse Sander||2||4|
|2015||Interannual variability of sorted bedforms in the coastal German Bight (SE North Sea)||Continental Shelf Research||Finn Mielck, Christian Hass||2||4|
|2015||Special section on The changing North Sea: Taking stock||Journal of Sea Research||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2015||Structural composition and temporal variation of the ciliate community in relation to environmental factors at Helgoland Roads, North Sea||Journal of Sea Research||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2015||Impact of wind and tides on the Lena River freshwater plume dynamics in the summer season||Ocean Dynamics||Karen Wiltshire||2||box|
|2015||Factors influencing the grazing response of the marine oligotrichous ciliate Strombidium cf. sulcatum||Aquatic Microbial Ecology||Karen Wiltshire||2||2|
|2015||EFFECTS OF WARMING AND ACIDIFICATION ON A BENTHIC COMMUNITY IN THE BALTIC SEA - KIEL BENTHOCOSMS||European Journal of Phycology||Andreas Pansch, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus||2||5|
|2015||Elevation Trends in Wide Beach-Ridge Systems Retrieved from Landsat Images and the SRTM Digital Surface Model||Journal of Coastal Research||Lasse Sander||2||4|
|2016||Global impacts of the 1980s regime shift||Global Change Biology||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2016||Temporal shift in biomass and production of macrozoobenthos in the macroalgal belt at Hansneset, Kongsfjorden, after 15 years||Polar Biology||Martin Paar, Ragnhild Asmus, Harald Asmus||1|
|2016||Projecting effects of climate change on marine systems: is the mean all that matters?||Proceedings Royal Society B||Karen Wiltshire||3|
|2016||Zooplankton eat what they need: copepod selective feeding and potential consequences for marine systems||Oikos||Karen Wiltshire||2||2|
|2016||Biological invasions and host-parasite coevolution: different coevolutionary trajectories along separate parasite invasion fronts||Zoology||Marieke Feis, Christian Buschbaum, Mathias Wegner||2||2|
|2016||Do bioturbation and consumption affect coastal Arctic marine soft-bottom communities?||Polar Biology||Sina Petrowsky, Christian Buschbaum||2||2|
|2016||Coastal lagoons and beach ridges as complementary sedimentary archives for the reconstruction of Holocene relative sea-level changes||Terra Nova||Lasse Sander||2||4|
|2016||Transgenerational effects persist down the maternal line in marine sticklebacks: gene expression matches physiology in a warming ocean||Evolutionary Applications||Lisa Shama, Ana Lokmer, Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2016||The role of tissue-specific microbiota in initial establishment success of Pacific oysters||Environmental Microbiology||Ana Lokmer, Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2016||Disturbance effects of kelp thalli on structure and diversity of a coastal Arctic marine soft-bottom assemblage||Polar Biology||Sina Petrowsky, Christian Buschbaum||2||4|
|2016||Coastal landforms and the Holocene evolution of the Island of Samso, Denmark||Journal of Maps||Lasse Sander||2||4|
|2016||Parasites and marine invasions: Ecological and evolutionary perspectives||Journal of Sea Research||Marieke Feis, Christian Buschbaum, Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2016||Seasonal variation in parasite infection patterns of marine fish species from the Northern Wadden Sea in relation to interannual temperature fluctuations||Journal of Sea Research||Franziska Schade, Mathias Wegner||2||2|
|2016||Oysters and Vibrios as a Model for Disease Dynamics in Wild Animals||Trends in Microbiology||Mathias Wegner||2||2|
|2016||Recurring patterns in bacterioplankton dynamics during coastal spring algae blooms||eLife||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2016||Short-Term Dynamics of North Sea Bacterioplankton-Dissolved Organic Matter Coherence on Molecular Level||Frontiers in Microbiology||Karen Wiltshire||2||1|
|2016||Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Pacific Oyster Hemolymph Microbiota across Multiple Scales||Frontiers in Microbiology||Ana Lokmer, Dario Fiorentino, Mathias Wegner||2||1|
|2016||Ecology and evolution of marine parasites and diseases: International NIOZ-AWI symposium, 10-14 March 2014, Texel, The Netherlands||Journal of Sea Research||Mathias Wegner||2||3|
|2016||Deeply hidden inside introduced biogenic structures - Pacific oyster reefs reduce detrimental barnacle overgrowth on native blue mussels||Journal of Sea Research||Christian Buschbaum, Annika Cornelius||2||2|
|2016||Submarine landforms related to glacier retreat in a shallow Antarctic fjord||Antarctic Science||Anne Wölfl, Nina Wittenberg, Christian Hass||2||4|
|2016||Glacial melting: an overlooked threat to Antarctic krill||Scientific Reports||Anne Wölfl, Christian Hass||2||2|
|2016||Do drivers of biodiversity change differ in importance across marine and terrestrial systems - Or is it just different research communities' perspectives?||Science of the Total Environment||Ragnhild Asmus, Harald Asmus||2||1|
|2016||Seasonal Variation of Harbor Seal's Diet from the Wadden Sea in Relation to Prey Availability||PLoS One||Camille de la Vega, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus||2||2|
|2016||Tidal benthic mesocosms simulating future climate change scenarios in the field of marine ecology||L&O: Methods||Andreas Pansch, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus||2||5|
|2016||Pollen limitation may be a common Allee effect in marine hydrophilous plants: implications for decline and recovery in seagrasses||Oecologia||Ragnhild Asmus, Petra Kadel||2||5|
|2016||Consensus forecasting of intertidal seagrass habitat in the Wadden Sea||Journal of Applied Ecology||Tobias Doch||4|
|2016||Date-prints on stranded macroplastics: Inferring the timing and extent of overwash deposition on the Skallingen peninsula, Denmark||Marine Pollution Bulletin||Lasse Sander||2||4|