Formation of the Arctic Basin

Connection of the Arctic Ocean to the World Oceans

What have we learned about the connection of the Arctic Ocean to the other oceans?

Gateways of the Southern Ocean

Lakes as a climate archives

Transition from the Cretaceous Greenhouse to the Tertiary Icehouse

Geodynamic processes

Observatories and long-term observations

Compilations of bathymetric data

popular hypothesis on plate tectonics