With this project, we want to enhance our knowledge of the global carbon cycle on glacial/interglacial time-scales. To achieve this objective, it is of crucial importance to understand the role of the Southern Ocean on the release and uptake of greenhouse gases. As the southern Indian Ocean is currently fundamentally underrepresented in paleoceanographic reconstructions, it is the aim of this project to reconstruct the contribution of this ocean to the atmospheric pattern of CO2. Therefore, we plan to use a novel multiproxy-approach, combining stable (δ13C) and radiogenic (Δ14C) isotope reconstructions with analyses of B/Ca-derived carbonate ion concentrations on a sediment core depth transect of the Kerguelen Islands. These analyses will provide a detailed insight into the history of water mass ventilation in the Indian Ocean on glacial/interglacial timescales. Ultimately, we want to combine the findings of this project with other water mass ventilation studies and Earth System Modeling. These findings, in combination with previous studies from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans will for the first time allow a comprehensive circumpolar reconstruction of CO2-enriched deep-water during the last glacial, the ventilation throughout the deglaciation and the contribution to the atmospheric CO2-level.
Map of the research area, showing the Kerguelen Plateau and the southern Indian Ocean. ©Thomas Ronge/AWI
Distribution of Δ14C in the Indian Ocean. The black arrow marks the return flow of old Indian Deep Water (IDW). The stippled yellow line marks the proposed extend of the glacial carbon pool. ©Thomas Ronge/AWI