Weekly Reports Polarstern
The Expedition PS121 Bremerhaven - Tromsö
Expedition PS121 – FRAM 2019
Expedition PS121 starts on August 10, 2019 in Bremerhaven with the destination Fram Strait
Large parts of the planned work and projects of this expedition are dedicated to the continuation of the HAUSGARTEN long-term observatory established 20 years ago by the AWI in Fram Strait and the implementation of the Helmholtz Infrastructure Initiative FRAM (Frontiers in Arctic Marine Monitoring).
An interdisciplinary group of scientists from five different national and international research institutions will carry out investigations and experiments that cover almost all compartments of the marine ecosystem, from the atmosphere to the water column, and to the seabed in several
thousand meters. The overarching aim of their research activities is to improve our understanding of marine biodiversity and climate-relevant processes of the Arctic Ocean under the impact of climate change.
We will use various optical observation systems and targeted samplers for investigations in the water column and the seabed, and exchange long-term moorings, which are equipped with sensor systems and samplers for year-round biological, physical and chemical studies in the water column. The autonomous underwater vehicle Paul will dive for the first time to a depth of more than 2000 meters to the seabed to obtain new high-resolution information on the condition of the seabed in the study area.
In addition, studies on biodiversity, biomass and distribution of various plankton groups and the associated biogeochemical parameters will be carried out. Here, classical microscopy and biogeochemical analysis are used in parallel to state-of-the-art optical and molecular genetic high-throughput methods. Complementary to the investigations in the water column we will carry out studies of biodiversity, biomass and distribution of deep-sea organisms of different size classes, as well as high-resolution measurements of oxygen consumption and experiments on effects of ocean acidification on deep-sea organisms.
Directly after departure in Bremerhaven, samples will be continuously taken from the lower atmosphere to determine the concentrations of ammonia and ammonium in the atmosphere.
The expedition will end on September 13 with the arrival in Tromsø.