Eastern Siberian Lakes (SibLake Programme)






• Prof. Dr. Dmitry Subetto, Karelian Research Centre of RAS, Petrozavodsk, Russia.

• Prof. Dr. Luidmilla Pestryakova, Northeast Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia.

• Dr. Larisa Nazarova, Potsdam University / Kazan Federal University, Russia.

• Dr. Oleg Dirksen & Dr. Veronika Dirksen, Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia.

• Dr. Ulrike Hoff, Department of Geology, University of Tromsø, Norway.

• Prof. Dr. Pavel Tarasov, Institute of Geological Sciences, Free University Berlin, Germany.

• Dr. Boris Biskaborn, Prof. Dr. Ulrike Herzschuh, Dr. Hanno Meyer, AWI Potsdam



The availibility of terrestrial records of Holocene palaeoenvironmental changes in eastern Siberia is quite limited. Compared to other places on the northern hemisphere, this climate-sensitive region is very underrepresented. Situated at the border of northeastern Eurasia, it offers the potential to pinpoint connections of Arctic to sub-Arctic palaeoenvironmental changes between the periglacial and highly continental landmasses of Yakutia and the maritime-influenced setting of Kamchatka. In order to widen our understanding of palaeoclimate dynamics in eastern Siberia, sediment records from different lake systems were studied on north-south and west-east transects during the last decade. The studies followed a multi-proxy approach, using sedimentological and geochemical data as well as fossil bioindicators, such as diatoms, pollen and chironomids. Chronostratigraphy of the studied records was achieved through radiocarbon dating and tephrostratigraphy.

The possibly oldest lakes of Yakutia were formed in proglacial settings in the Verkhoyansk Mountains and the Stanovoy Mountains foreland during the mid-Weichselian ice age. As in other worldwide regions, this time was punctuated by warmer interstadials at millennial time scales, as documented by short-term changes in hydrological lake status and surrounding vegetation. The last glacial maximum was characterized by dry conditions and low lake level. High-resolution records of Holocene climate variability are preserved in lakes on Kamchatka Peninsula and are included in the widespread thermokarst lakes of the Yakutian lowlands. They document a regional climate optimum between 7.0 and 4.5 ka BP. Superimposed on the long-term climatic trend are short-term climate punctuations and cyclic changes in lake level at centennial time scales, which demonstrate a high impact of internal climate variability on the palaeoenvironment, likely related to atmospheric oscillation patterns. Many of the thermokarst lakes, however, reveal changes in the lacustrine depositional environment that were driven by permafrost dynamics, only mediately related to climate changes.



• Schleusner, P., Biskaborn, B. K., Kienast, F., Wolter, J., Subetto, D. & Diekmann, B. (2014): Basin evolution and palaeoenvironmental variability of the thermokarst lake El’gene-Kyuele, Arctic Siberia. Boreas, doi.10.1111/bor.12084.

• Biskaborn, B., Herzschuh, U., Bolshiyanov, Dietze, E., Schwamborn, Diekmann, B. (2013). Physico-chemical processes and cyclic depositional events in thermokarst lakes of the NE Siberian tundra. - Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 24: 160-174, doi: 10.1002/ppp.1769.

• Biskaborn, B., Herzschuh, U., Bolshiyanov, D., Savelieva, L., Zibulski, R., Diekmann, B. (2013). Late Holocene thermokarst variability inferred from diatoms in a lake sediment record from the Lena Delta, Siberian Arctic. - Journal of Paleolimnology, 49: 155-170, doi.10.1007/s10933-012-9650-1.

• Nazarova, L., Lüpfert, H., Subetto, D., Pestryakova, L., Diekmann, B. (2013). Holocene climate conditions in central Yakutia (Eastern Siberia) inferred from sediment composition and fossil chironomids of Lake Temje. - Quaternary International, 290-291: 264-274, doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2012.11.006.

• Tarasov, P., Müller, S., Zech, M., Andreeva, D., Diekmann, B., Leipe, C. (2013). Last glacial vegetation reconstructions in the extreme-continental eastern Asia: Potentials of pollen and n-alkane biomarker analyses. - Quaternary International, 290-291: 253-263, doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2012.04.007.

• Biskaborn, B., Herzschuh, U., Bolshiyanov, D., Savelieva, L., Diekmann, B., (2012). Environmental variability in northeastern Siberia during the last ~13,300 yr inferred from lake diatoms and sediment-geochemical parameters. - Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 329-330: 22-36, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.02.003.

• Krinner, G., Diekmann, B., Colleoni, F., Stauch, G. (2011). Global, regional and local scale factors determining glaciation extent in Eastern Siberia over the last 140,000 years. - Quaternary Science Reviews, 30: 821-831.

• Müller, S., Tarasov, P.E., Andreev, A.A., Tuetken, T., Gartz, S., Diekmann, B. (2010). Late Quaternary vegetation and environments in the Verkhoyansk Mountains region (NE Asia) reconstructed from a 50-kyr fossil pollen record from Lake Billyakh. - Quaternary Science Reviews 29: 2071-2086.

• Werner, K., Tarasov, P., Andreev, A., Müller, S., Kienast, F., Zech, M., Zech, W., Diekmann, B. (2010). A 12.5-kyr history of vegetation dynamics and mire development with evidence of Younger Dryas larch presence in the Verkhoyansk Mountains, East Siberia, Russia. Boreas, 39: 56-68, doi: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2009.00116.x.

• Müller, S., Tarasov, P., Andreev, A., Diekmann, B. (2009). Late Glacial to Holocene environments in the present-day coldest region of the Northern Hemisphere infrerred from a pollen record of Lake Billyakh, Verkhoyansk Mts., NE Siberia. - Climate of the Past, 5: 73-84.

• Rudaya, N., Tarasov, P., Dorofeyuk, N., Solovieva, N., Kalugin, I., Andreev, A., Daryin, A., Diekmann, B., Riedel, F., Tserendash, N., Wagner, M. (2009). Holocene environments and climate in the Mongolian Altai reconstructed from the Hoton-Nur pollen and diatom records: a step towards better understanding climate dynamics in Central Asia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28: 540-554.

• Tarasov, P., Müller, S., Andreev, A., Werner, K., Diekmann, B. (2009). Younger Dryas Larix in eastern Siberia: A migrant or survivor? PAGES News, 17/3, 122-123.

• Andreev, A., Pierau, R., Kalugin, I. A., Daryin, A. V., Smolyaninova, L. G., Diekmann, B. (2007). Environmental changes in the northern Altai during the last millennium documented in Lake Teletskoye pollen record. Quaternary Research, 67: 394-399.

• Kalugin, I., Daryin, A., Smolyaninova, L., Andreev, A., Diekmann, B., Khlystov, O. (2007). 800-yr-long records of annual air temperature and precipitation over southern Siberia inferred from Lake Teletskoye sediments. Quaternary Research, 67: 400-410.

• Popp, S., Belolyubsky, I., Lehmkuhl, F., Prokopiev, A., Siegert, C., Spektor, V., Stauch, G., Diekmann, B. (2007). Sediment provenance of late Quaternary morainic, fluvial, and loess-like deposits in the southwestern Verkhoyansk Mountains (eastern Siberia) and implications for regional palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. Geological Journal, 42, 477-497.

• Popp, S., Diekmann, B., Meyer, H., Siegert, C., Syromyatnikov, I., Hubberten, H. -W.(2006). Palaeoclimate signals as inferred from stable-isotope composition of ground ice in the Verkhoyansk foreland, Central Yakutia, Permafrost and periglacial processes, 17, 119-132.

• Siegert, C., Stauch, G., Lehmkuhl, F., Sergeenko, A.I., Diekmann, B., Popp, S., Belolyubsky, I. (2007): Development of glaciation in the Verkhoyansk Range and its forland during the Pleistocene: results of new investigations - Regional Geology and Metallogeny 30-31: 222-228 (in Russian).



• Hansche, Andreas (2014): Spätpleistozäne-holozäne Umweltentwicklung am Kyutyunda-See: Hinweise aus Diatomeen und geochemischen Parametern. - Master Thesis at Dresden University.

• Schleusner, Philipp (2013): Late Quaternary Dynamics of an Arctic Thermokarst Landscape indicated by by deposits at Lake El’gene Kyuele (Northern Siberia). - Master Thesis at Leipzig University.

• Thom, Julia (2013): Welche paläolimnologischen Hinweise liefern die chemischen Parameter C, N und 13C der organischen Fraktion im Sedimentkern PG2023 des Kyutyunda-Sees? - Bachelor Thesis at Potsdam University.

• Biskaborn, Boris (2012). Lake Records of late Quaternary Climate Variability in northeastern Siberia. - PhD Thesis at University Potsdam.

• Funk, Christiane (2012). Sedimentäre Ablagerungsprozesse im holozänen Thermokarstsee El’gene Kyuele in der sibirischen Arktis, Russland.“ - Submitted Diploma Thesis at Free University Berlin.

• Pollozek, Lilian (2011). Fernerkundliche Untersuchungen zur zeitlichen Variabilität von Permafrostformen im nordsibirischen Raum auf Basis von Landsat-Daten. - Bachelor Thesis at Free University Berlin.

• Henning, Denis, (2011): Spätpleistozäne/holozäne See- und Klimaentwicklung anhand von fossilen, lakustrinen Chironomiden im Werchojansker Gebirge, Nordost-Sibirien. - Diploma Thesis at University Potsdam.

• Popp, Steffen (2007). Late Quaternary Environment of Central Yakutia (NE Siberia): Signals in frozen ground and terrestrial sediments. Reports on Polar Research, 554, 80 pp.

• Lüpfert, Hermann (2006): Holozäne Klima- und Umweltentwicklung in Zentraljakutien (NE-Sibirien). Magister Thesis, Humboldt University Berlin / AWI Posdam.

• Müller, Stefanie (2006): Spätpleistozäne und frühholozäne Vegetations- und Klimageschichte im Werchojansker Gebirge (Jakutien, Russland) aus Pollendaten. Diploma Thesis University Potsdam/AWI Potsdam.

• Werner, Kirstin (2006): Palynologische Untersuchungen eines Torfprofils im Vorland des Werchojansker Gebirges: Ein Beitrag zur holozänen Vegetationsgeschichte Nordost-Sibiriens. Diploma Thesis, University Potsdam/AWI Potsdam.