This Research Station is located at the southern coast of Samoylov Island (N72°22, E126°28) within the Lena Delta close to the Laptev Sea. The Island covers an area about 5 km2 and can be reached from Tiksi (connected by an airport with Moscow, St. Petersburg and Yakutsk) by Helicopter in about 45 minutes flight time or by ship in about 12 hour travelling time. In the past the Station served as logistic base of the Lena Delta Reserve.
The Samoylov Station consists of a large wooden main building and an extension which was added in 2005. A washing and sauna house, three small wooden storage buildings and one big ice cellar in the frozen ground (Russian = lednik) complete the ensemble.
Altogether, the station provides living and working space for eight people during winter time and up to 16 people in the summer when tents can be used for accomodation. For power supply a diesel generator and a small wind generator are used. Drinking water is supplied by a pumping system from a nearby lake.
From the main station the long-term experimental plots – including the automatic climate and soil stations as well as the devices for trace gas flux measurements – are easily reached by a twenty minutes walk. Since1998 automated soil and meteorology stations have produced high quality data series. In the future also the trace gas measurement should be run automatically. Furthermore since that time, methane emissions were measured with closed chambers until today.
The Lena Delta is a key region for the understanding of the basic processes of the dynamics and development of permafrost in the Siberian Arctic. In the frame of the Russian-German scientific co-operation between the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the Russian Ministry of Science, the projects System Laptev Sea, System Laptev-Sea 2000 and The Dynamics of Permafrost in the Laptev Sea were conducted. During these projects important scientific results for the understanding of carbon dynamics and involved microbial processes and communities, of the energy and water budget of Arctic tundra, of the development of the ice-rich permafrost and of Arctic coastal dynamics could be gained. These results are the data and information base necessary for the prognosis of the impact of possible climate changes to the sensitive ecosystems of the Arctic.
The research station Samoylov was set up as a logistic base for long-term field investigations into the processes of permafrost formation and decay, the transformation and emission of green house gases (methane, carbon dioxide), the hydrology of the active layer, and the formation and development of the Lena Delta by the Lena Delta Reserve (LDR) and the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI)