Meteorological Observatories of AWI
Long-term measurements are necessary to quantify the fluctuations of the climate system and to monitor climate changes. Furthermore, AWI's meteorological long-term measurements are used to validate satellite based climate data and climate model results. The meteorological observatory program is designed to cover the time scales from actual weather forecasting to monitoring decadal climate changes in both hemispheres.
The meteorological long-term program is based on three permanently operating observarories at
* the Antarctic research station Neumayer,
* the Arctic research station AWIPEV (Koldewey),
* and the research icebreaker Polarstern.
The observatories provide 3-hourly routine synoptic observations, daily upper air soundings to the Global Telecommunication System of the Word Meteorological Organisation. Furthermore, the stations participate in international networks initiated by the Word Climate Research Programme such as the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN), the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) and the Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW).
The regular observatory program from Neumayer and Polarstern started in 1981, from Koldewey in 1990. All data are post-processed and archived in the relational information system, called MISAWI. Access to MISAWI is free but restricted to non-profit scientific users. Furthermore, all datasets are available via Pangaea. The observatory work continues.